Researcher Francesca Rolandi will attend conference titled: “CFP: Third Balkan Studies Conference – Cities of the Balkans: Local, National, Global Scales”. The conference will be held from 12 to 13 September, in Marseille, MuCEM — Musée des civilisations de l’Europe et de la Méditerranée.

ABOUT THE CONFERENCE:

“This conference aims to continue the work carried out during the Second Balkan Studies Conference titled “In search of the Balkans: Between Europe and the Mediterranean?” which took place in May 2016 in Marseille (Mucem and Villa Méditerranée). With the aim of underpinning the relaunch of the French Association of Balkan Studies (AFEBalk – Association Française d’Études sur les Balkans), the conference aspires to widen the network of French-speaking researchers working on Southeastern Europe by promoting cooperation between researchers based in France and their colleagues abroad. The 2019 conference will focus on urban spaces, a multidisciplinary subject, as reflected by the soaring of urban studies in social sciences.

Social, economic and political transformations, in the Balkans and elsewhere, have deeply shaped urban landscapes. These spaces are thus incredibly fertile fields of observation to understand the many processes at work in Balkan societies. In the meantime, these cities are marked by local, national or global power-struggles and make it possible to address issues that go beyond them.”

ABSTRACT:

Patriots, wives, fallen angels. Gender stereotypes about women in the press and literature from Fiume/Rijeka and Sušak after the First World War

 

Claimed by both Italy and Yugoslavia in 1918, the multicultural city of Fiume/Rijeka experienced a troubled transition period in the aftermath of the First World War which lasted until its annexation to Italy in 1924. The bordering city of Sušak, divided from Fiume by the river Rječina, was fully integrated into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1923, after the end of the Italian military occupation.

The Italian National Council, which seized the power in Fiume in the late 1918, granted women the right both to vote and stand for the elections, despite regarding it as a concession. D’Annunzio expedition and the newly established Regency of Carnaro combined an emancipatory discourse with a narrative focused on “masculinity” and the cult of violence, both reassessing gender rules and perpetuating a patriarchal view of family. Universal suffrage and political participation became issues of debate also in the north-west corner of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Despite being increasingly marginalized on the political scene, women maintained an active role in the society, taking part in local organizations and philanthropic activities, participating in the labour market, and challenging established social norms. Moreover, on both the sides of the river Rječina women experienced the consequences of the war, the impact of the changes of borders and political systems, and the climate of violence which reached its peak in 1922-1923.

By presenting the preliminary finding of a research conducted in the framework of the ERC project EIRENE (Postwar transitions in gendered perspective: The case of the North Eastern Adriatic Area), the paper will address gender stereotypes about women in the local – strongly male-dominated – press and literature from both Fiume/Rijeka and Sušak.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR:

Francesca Rolandi is a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of Ljubljana in the framework of the EIRENE project (Post-war transitions in gendered perspective: The case of the North-Eastern Adriatic region). She holds a Phd in Slavic Studies from the University of Turin and has been a postdoctoral researcher at the Italian Institute for Historical Studies and the University of Rijeka. Her research interests range from the social and cultural history of the Upper Adriatic and post-Yugoslav space to the history of refugees and migration in the 20th century.