The paper deals with women’s citizenship status in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes/Yugoslavia in the period from its formation in 1918 until its occupation in the April war in 1941. In the paper the author highlights different regulations of citizenship status valid after formation of the new state and gender as a very important aspect of these regulations. Many legal institutions of acquisition and loss of citizenship were determined significantly by sex. Here dominant position of men can be seen in the rules about automatic naturalization by marriage and in the rules about regular naturalization which protected unity of a family at the expense of women’s right to keep hers earlier citizenship. The author further elaborate dominant position of men as applicants in the process of naturalization but also highlights some cases in which women were applicants. Further in the paper the author questions the role of peace treaties reached after the First World War on citizenship status of women. Here he points out normative aspects of peace treaties but also application of peace treaties in legal practice. In addition, the author debates the rules and application of the law on citizenship of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes of 1928 through gender perspective.
Ivan Kosnica works at the Faculty of Law at the University of Zagreb, currently as Assistant Professor at the Chair for the History of Croatian Law and State. His main research interest is concentrated on the history of citizenship during 19th and 20th century. His doctoral thesis was about citizenship in Croatia-Slavonia from 1848 to 1918. Currently he deals with the issue of citizenship in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes/Yugoslavia.