VIEW AT THE HISTORY OF TREATING PATIENTS OF THE PSYCHIATRIC HOSPITALS IN PAKRAC AND STENJEVEC BETWEEN TWO WORLD WARS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY
Jelena Seferović held a presentation on 4th December in the Museum in Pakrac in which she discussed a history of treating patients of the Psychiatric hospitals in Pakrac and Stenjevec between the two world wars. She pointed out in the introduction that both hospitals were dislocated in relation to the more densely populated areas and were self-sufficient institutions with their own infrastructure. At the same time these psychiatric hospitals were institution for mental health and a nursing home for chronic patients and people with intellectual disabilities, there were cases of patients who were hospitalized for 20 years. Patients were deployed in departments considering the degree of expression of the symptoms of mental disorders, but also acording to the urin and fecal inncontinence. One of the most popular way of psychiatric rehabilitation then was a work therapy mostley based on agricultural works, helping in the dining room and cleaning of hospital rooms. From the research was clear an evident lack of correspondence and recorded visits between patients hospitalized in the Pakrac hospital and their relatives which can be explained with poor traffic connectivity, great poverty and stigmatization of families who had members suffering from mental disorders. Most patients in both hospitals were dying of heart failure and lung tuberculosis, which was actually linked to poverty and poor nutrition. Way of treatment depended of the general economic crisis in the interwar period, so treatment methods were also modest. Research was based on hospital records of men and women who were hospitalized in psychiatric hospitals in Pakrac and Stenjevac. The data collected are contextualized in relation to data from medical journals dating from 1919 to 1939. It has not been completed and will be certainly supplemented with new knowledge and data.
Photo credit: Muzej grada Pakraca